Activity of the Parliament on May 9-13, 2005
24 May 2005
The national radio and television channels broadcasted live the sittings held in the period concerned, and this fact left a clear mark upon the mode of tackling of issues included in agenda. If the Parliament had earlier discussed 10-15 draft laws in maximum one hour and half, it discussed the agenda alone for more than half an hour at the latest sittings, examined only several drafts and raised several questions to the executive the other three hours.
The situation has developed till indication of the state budget spending for televised broadcasting of the Parliament's works, in order to make the lawmakers to deliver shorter speeches. The parliamentary opposition representatives gave an unclear appreciation to these apostrophes.
I. Law on Ratification of the Credit Agreement of the Council of Europe's Bank for Development
Commentary by ADEPT: The ratified agreement calls for release of a six-million-euro credit as financing for the project Transfusion Security in Moldova. The loan is released for a 20-year period, including a five-year grace period, and a 2.5-percent annual interest rate.
The difficult situation in this sector highlights the need to implement this project:
- specialized equipment is not enough;
- existing equipment is used up more than 80 percent and provides no safe quality and inoffensiveness of technological process;
- transportation of blood products unfits the special rules, etc.
Implementation of this project, which costs about 10 million euros overall, would enhance the quality and efficiency of healthcare system by improving the quality and safety of blood and blood products at all the stages of the process, from collection to transfusion.
II. Law on Amendment and Completion of the Law on Normative Price and Sale-purchase of Land
Commentary by ADEPT: The law adopted by the Parliament prolonged the term for implementation of coefficients for reduction of sale price of fields adjacent to enterprises till 2007.
This amendment was needed because the experience confirms that the sale of adjacent plots for a normative price (about 600,000 lei per hectare) stops the process of privatization of fields, if the reduction coefficients are not used.
Nor the state can raise the planned amounts in such cases, while businesses face a difficult situation because they do not own the fields where they are located and work.
Also, the law modified the mode of distribution of financial means raised from sale and purchase of fields. Thus, it was established that the money raised from sale of state-owned fields is distributed the following way:
- 80 percent to the state budget;
- 20 percent to treasury accounts for special purposes.
III. Law on Exemption of Sale of Agricultural Fields for construction of the Revaca-Cainari Railway Portion from Income Taxes
Commentary by ADEPT: The law exempts from income taxes the individuals who obtain revenues from sale of agricultural fields to the State Agency for Land Relations and Cadastre, in order to transmit them to the state-owned railway company of Moldova.
The law aims to ease the construction of the Revaca-Cainari railway to surround the existing railroad in the Bender municipality, where the Transdnistrian separatist administration often blocks up trains and transports.
The state budget will lose about 800,000 lei for these facilities and these losses will be compensated later through a rise of cargo transportation and traffic.
This portion of railway will be built by the end of this year.
IV. Law on Amendment and Completion of the Legislation on Social Protection of Job Seekers
Commentary by ADEPT: The law calls for the following:
- Establishing of the category of job seeker in order to register him as jobless person or to award him the right to benefit from unemployment assistance, professional integration or reintegration allocation, in line with the reason of relief from office indicated in labor card.
- Establishing of a juridical status of private employment agencies.
- Employment of rural population by allowing it to get employed in other settlements than where it resides.
- Access of youths aged 16-18, graduates from boarding schools, orphan children, children without parent's care, children in tutelage, victims of trafficking in human beings, etc. to professional education.
- Enlargement of categories of beneficiaries from unemployment assistance by introducing the people who tendered resignation, who will receive the right to unemployment assistance only if they get registered with employment agencies and fail to get employed for three months because of the lack of vacant jobs.
- Increase of the number of beneficiaries from unemployment assistance by improving the mandatory due pay duration of person: the due pay duration will be reduced from 12 months down to six months.
- Reduction of the unemployment assistance from 50-60 percent down to 30-50 percent of the precedent salary, as the number of jobs with salaries below size of unemployment assistance has increased. The reduction of unemployment assistance allows the enlargement of categories of beneficiaries of this aid. At the same time, the real amount will not decline because salaries rose this year comparatively with 2004.
V. Law on Amendment of the Law on Electricity
Commentary by ADEPT: The law allows businesses and other consumers that administrate power grids of a 0.4-10 kW tension or energy lines and transformation stations of 35-110 kW, which are not exclusively used in the technological process to transmit them for free to energy distribution or transportation enterprises. The spending for further exploitation of power grids taken under administration is taken into account when the tariffs for transportation or distribution of electricity are established.
These amendments come in response to the fact that the maintenance of these grids and installations is expensive and not all the owners can afford its cost and employment of qualified staff. Also, the grids and installations have a certain value and their transmission to supplier makes the latter pay the income taxes and other related costs, so that such a transaction is not profitable.
VI. Draft law on botanical gardens
Commentary by ADEPT: The draft law approved in the first lecture aims to choose a statute of botanical gardens, which represent some geographically delimited areas, with sorts of representative and rare or jeopardized plants, created after anthropogenic activity to maintain the diversity of plants inside the country and from other geographical areas.
The law proposes a statute of public institutions working in science and innovation, ecological-cultural education sectors, regulated by the Code on Science and Innovation, and their subordination to the Moldovan Academy of Sciences and/or local public administration authorities.
The law indicates the key notions of this sector: collection, exhibition, genetic fund, etc.
Also, it proposes a mechanism for creation of botanical gardens: through delimitation of grounds and/or water territories under a special management regime for conservation, adaptation and regeneration under the best artificial conditions of sorts of local, allochthon and exotic plants, which are significant from scientific, economic and esthetic points of view, dendrological and flower collections which serve as depots of genetic fund and sources of reproductive material.
Sale and leasing of fields which are part of public botanical gardens will be prohibited.
The territory of botanical gardens will comprise several functional areas: exhibition, scientific, prohibited and auxiliary.
A protection zone of 100-150 meters will be established on territory adjacent to botanical gardens, in order to reduce the anthrop impact on botanical gardens.
The key tasks of botanical gardens will comprise among others the creation of collections and exhibitions of local and allochthon plants; artificial conservation of diversity of plants; scientific botanical researches; research of diversity of species of plants in the Moldovan territory; creation of seed funds; organization of exchange of seeds and plants, etc.
Botanical gardens will be financed in line with the Code on Science and Innovation: from the state budget, municipal budgets, budgets of administrative territorial units, means from own activity; means of ecological funds; investments (donations, grants, etc.) of individuals and businesses, etc.
Following activities will be prohibited in the protection zone of botanical gardens: unauthorized hunting, fishing and seizure of animals; construction of objects and depots for storage of chemical substances and mineral fertilizers, other items; installation of heating networks, electricity transportation lines; technical water works; extraction of stones, gravel, sand, fertile soil, or other works.
Following activities will be prohibited in botanical gardens: geological excavations; cutting and/or clearing of trees, bushes, saplings, brushwood or sapling-covered areas; hunting, destruction of ant hills, lairs, nests and caches; unauthorized harvesting and collection of medical plants, flowers, fruits; traffic of transports except for roads of common use or special fields; any whole constructions, except for constructions in auxiliary zone.