|Date of elections||November 30, 2014|
|Type of elections||Parliamentary Elections|
|Electoral threshold for|
|electoral blocks of 2 parties||9%|
|electoral blocks of 3 or more parties||11%|
Voter turnout to validate election »»»
|Number of electoral contestants|
|political parties||19 (21-2)|
Voter turnout »»»
The parliamentary elections of 30 November 2014 were the 8th electoral competition of this kind after Moldova proclaimed its independence, leading to the election of the 20th Parliament.
On 28 May 2014, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova adopted Decision no. 81 on setting the date of ordinary parliamentary elections to 30 November 2014. According to constitutional rules, ordinary elections can be held within three months after the end of the previous parliament’s term, which begins on the day of elections and ends of the same day four years later. Elections can be announced not later than two months before the day scheduled for them. Parliamentary elections were conducted based on the absolute proportional electoral system, according to the following formula: one country — one electoral district.
Initially, 26 electoral contestants were registered for the parliamentary elections, including 21 political parties, 1 electoral bloc and 4 independent candidates. Later, however, one political party withdrew from the electoral competition and the registration of one other party was annulled for violation of legal rules.
2,073 voting places were created for the elections, 95 of which were opened at the diplomatic missions and consular offices of Moldova abroad. Limited transparency in terms of the criteria used to determine the number and location of voting places abroad contributed to the public perception that the government tried to discourage voting in the Russian Federation, while the number of voting places in other countries grew.
57.28% of voters included in electoral lists participated in elections. According to the final results of the elections of 30 November 2014, the electoral threshold was passed by 5 parties, which obtained the corresponding number of MP mandates: the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) gathered 20.51% of votes (25 mandates); the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PLDM) — 20.16% (23 mandates); the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) — 17.48% (21 mandates) the Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM) — 15.80% (19 mandates); and the Liberal Party (PL) — 9.67% (13 mandates).
The previous parliament adopted a number of essential modifications to the Electoral Code, which were applied in the electoral campaign of 2014. They refer to the following:
However, some significant modifications to the Electoral Code proposed in 2014 were not adopted before the elections and are pending in the parliament. They include revision and regulation of procedures of funding for parties and electoral campaigns, inclusion of gender quotas for party lists, and extension of the voting period abroad. The adoption of these measures could have consolidated the legal framework and contributed to strengthening public trust in the electoral process.
Two controversial cases were registered during the electoral campaign and raised questions about selective application of justice. The first case is related to the annulment of a contestant’s registration one day before the elections, and the second case was the admission into the electoral race of a party that has the logo and name similar to another contestant’s.
On 9 December 2014, the Constitutional Court validated the results of the parliamentary elections and the mandates of the MPs elected on 30 November 2014.