Elections

Parliamentary Elections in the Republic of Moldova

The Parliament elected through a universal, equal, direct, secret and free vote for a 4-year term is the supreme representative organ of people of the Republic of Moldova. Starting 1994, the parliamentary elections take place on the basis of the proportional system, with the whole territory of the country being an electoral constituency which elects 101 members of the Parliament.
General information on parliamentary elections
Date of electionsNovember 28, 2010July 29, 2009April 5, 2009March 6, 2005February 25, 2001March 22, 1998February 27, 1994
Type of electionsEarly Parliamentary ElectionsEarly Parliamentary ElectionsParliamentary ElectionsParliamentary ElectionsEarly Parliamentary ElectionsParliamentary ElectionsEarly Parliamentary Elections
Electoral threshold for
political parties4%5%6%6%6%4%4%
electoral blocks of 2 parties7%Not allowed by legislationNot allowed by legislation9%6%4%4%
electoral blocks of 3 parties9%Not allowed by legislationNot allowed by legislation12%6%4%4%
independent candidates2%3%3%3%3%4%4%
Voter turnout to validate election »»»
1/31/31/21/21/21/21/2
Number of electoral contestants
political parties2010 (-2)15 (-3)91289
electoral blocks0Not allowed by legislationNot allowed by legislation2574
independent candidates20 (-1)06 (-1)121067 (-7)20
Voter turnout »»»
63.37%58.77%57.55%64.84%67.52%69.12%79.31%
Seats distributionPCRM — 42 seats, PLDM — 32, PDM — 15, PL — 12PCRM — 48 seats, PLDM — 18, PL — 15, PDM — 13, AMN — 7PCRM — 60 seats, PL — 15, PLDM — 15, AMN — 11PCRM — 56 seats, BMD — 34, PPCD — 11PCRM — 71 seats, BeAB — 19, PPCD — 11PCRM — 40 seats, BeCDM — 26, BepMDP — 24, PFD — 11PDAM — 56 seats, BePSMUE — 28, BTI — 11, BeAFPCD — 9
 PCRM — 42PCRM — 48PCRM — 60PCRM — 56PCRM — 71PCRM — 40PDAM — 56
 PLDM — 32PLDM — 18PL — 15BMD — 34BeAB — 19BeCDM — 26BePSMUE — 28
 PDM — 15PL — 15PLDM — 15PPCD — 11PPCD — 11BepMDP — 24BTI — 11
 PL — 12PDM — 13AMN — 11  PFD — 11BeAFPCD — 9
  AMN — 7     

General Information on Parliamentary Elections in Moldova

The Republic of Moldova is a sovereign and independent state in which the national sovereignty belongs to people which exercises it directly and via its representative organs. The Parliament elected through a universal, equal, direct, secret and free vote for a 4-year term is the supreme representative organ of people of the Republic of Moldova and the single legislative authority of the state. The Parliament is made of 101 members with any imperative mandate being regarded as null.

Under the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, the parliamentary elections shall be organised and conducted in accordance with an organic law, with the election system, the status of legislators and the functioning of the Parliament being regulated by an organic law as well.

The Supreme Soviet of MSSR (the 12th Legislature), a representative organ made of members elected on uninominal constituencies which further (on May 23, 1991) decided to turn MSSR into the “Republic of Moldova” and respectively the “Supreme Soviet” into the “Parliament of the Republic of Moldova”, was elected in the early 1990s (February-March). The 12th Legislature was dissolved on October 12, 1993 with the purpose to build a professional Parliament on the multi-party basis, with early parliamentary elections being set for February 27, 1994 under a new law concerning the election of the legislature.

Beginning with 1994, the Parliament functions on a permanent basis, with the quality of parliamentarian being incompatible with any other remunerated office, except for teaching and scientific activities. The parliamentary elections on February 27, 1994 were held under a special law, but the regulations on election of leading state organs and conduct of referenda were further covered by a single document — the Electoral Code adopted on November 21, 1997.

Under the electoral legislation, starting 1994 the parliamentary elections take place on the basis of the proportional system, with the whole territory of the country being an electoral constituency which elects 101 members of the Parliament. The elections shall take place not later than 3 months after the end of the mandate or dissolution of the precedent Parliament. The results of the parliamentary elections shall be confirmed by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova.

The mandate of the Parliament shall be extended till the legal meeting of the new members. The Parliament may be early dissolved:

  1. In the event of impossibility to form the Government (within 45 days after the first request and only after at least two investiture requests) or in case of a blocked adoption of laws for three months;
  2. In case of failure to elect a President of the Republic of Moldova.
Early parliamentary elections shall be organised in these circumstances.