The subject of a possible re-unification of Republic of Moldova with Romania, called unionism, as an electoral theme in this presidential election campaign is the central theme of two candidates — Mihai Ghimpu, leader of the Liberal Party (PL), and Ana Gutu, leader of the political party “Right” (PD). Both presidential candidates used to be colleagues, members of the parliamentary faction of the Liberal Party in the period of 2009–2013. They have followed distinct political paths since 2013, after a dispute within the Liberal Party. Both candidates were and continue to be promoters of the Romanian identity of the bessarabian population as well as of unionism — the idea of a possible reunification of Republic of Moldova with Romania. On one hand Mihai Ghimpu promoted unionism in a more detailed and personified manner. On the other hand, Ana Gutu promoted unionism much more bluntly. However, there are no major differences between their messages or political offers. Any differences are in fact the expression of an interpersonal conflict. Mihai Ghimpu has the advantage of a wider political experience and he emphasizes that his political career includes 30 years of fighting for Latin script and Romanian language, tricolor national flag, freedom and independence, Romanian history and reunification with Romania. Nevertheless, this advantage is undermined by the burden of his prior crucial political decisions, that often had a negative impact, during the past seven years, time when he was one of the leaders of the three governing parties in Moldova. Ghimpu’s attempt to belittle Ana Gutu political experience by saying that she entered politics just 6 years earlier through PL, is parried by her exactly by referring to his poor decisions and behavior of Mihai Ghimpu during all this period.
Main themes and messages of the PL candidate, Mihai Ghimpu
During the electoral campaign for the presidential election, Ghimpu promises to be the President that accomplished the re-unification, a bridge between the generation who witnessed the independence of Republic of Moldova and that who witnessed the re-unification.
In his communication with the citizens, PL leader has presented his electoral offer outlining his the key tasks while in office and explained what benefits will citizens have as a result of the re-unification with Romania.
Arguments in favor of the unionist project
- Moldova’s independence project has failed;
- to avoid any obstacles for a re-unification, Transnistria has to be declared as a territory occupied by the Russian Federation.
Main tasks during the presidential term
- to issue a first presidential decree, regarding the establishment, similarly to the German model, of a “Council of wise men”, consisting of 100 personalities from both Romania and Moldova as well as other Euro-Atlantic countries. This council will work alongside with the Presidential office to prepare the re-unification in all the domains: legal, economic, political, security, social, cultural, etc.;
- to promote the re-unification idea, so that in the 2018 parliamentary elections there is a pro-unionist majority elected into parliament;
- to carry out a series of reforms and projects, particularly with regard to connecting Moldova to the European and Romanian gas and electricity grids to reduce the energy dependence on Russian energy resources;
- to build bridges over the Prut as well as build the Iasi-Chisinau railroad (on a European gauge);
- establish joint Moldovan-Romanian customs points;
- In cooperation with the Romanian authorities, provide Romanian citizenship to all those born before 1940. Only then one could begin the re-unification process, on the ground of rebuilding the stat due to the fact that “we did not abandon this citizenship”;
- to amend the Constitution so that it clearly bans the presence of foreign military on the state’s territory;
- to address the USA authorities with regard to beginning investigation of the theft of the billion.
Benefits for citizens
Presidential candidate Mihai Ghimpu reassures voters for them that re-unification with Romania means the following:
- regaining the national identity and return to the Romanian Motherland;
- prosperity by automatically entering the European Union. Access to EU funds for developing all economic sectors;
- entry under the NATO umbrella. Protection against Russian occupation;
- more efficient fight against corruption. DNA will cross the Prut river;
- European agricultural subsidies, beginning with 150 EUR / hectare and up to 200 Euro / hectare;
- a three times increase of the minimum wage from 2,100 MDL up to 6,300 MDL (1,250 RON);
- a tree times increase of the average wage from 5,050 MDL up to 13,400 MDL (2,681 RON);
- a four times increase of then average pension from 1,165 MDL to 4,660 MDL (931 RON);
- increase on-birth child allowance up to 11,085 MDL as well as the parental allowances;
- stimulating the development of a business environment favorable for Romanian and European investments. Generating hundreds of thousands of jobs;
- improved infrastructure — roads, railways, water and sanitation — all from the state budget and European funds;
- improved schools, kindergartens, hospitals, and universities;
- a prosperous future for all citizens, including national minorities.
Main themes and messages of the Party “Right” candidate, Ana Gutu
In campaign for the presidential election, Ana Gutu also promises to become the President of the Re-unification. In her electoral program she presented the electoral offer and outlined the main tasks of her mandate.
Arguments in favor of the unionist project
Republic of Moldova re-unification with Romania is the shortest path for integration into European and NATO. The re-union is the only chance that can save Moldovan citizens from ruin and can ensure them a decent life, fair justice, economic and social security, as well as political stability.
Main tasks during the presidential term
- to promote all over the world the idea of re-unification of Republic of Moldova with Romania. Create a foreign policy vector that is oriented exclusively towards West: Bucharest-Washington-Brussels. “Communication with state leaders to tell them that we want union with Romania!”;
- submit to the Parliament the draft of the Lustration Law so that we get to know who were the executioners and traitors of our grandparents and our parents, and who has been robbing us for years. Punish these criminals according to the law and ban them from holding public office positions;
- ensure Moldova joins the International Tribunal for Investigating Communism Crimes launched in Tallinn in 2015 by Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland and Ukraine;
- provide a million citizenships to our brothers over the Prut river — so that they are able to vote for the re-unification here in Republic of Moldova, abolishing this border for good;
- set a moratorium on state distinctions and agree with the Romanian president to provide the Romanian state awards to the most deserving of the citizens who really worked selflessly for the family and society;
- bring prosecutors and judges from Romania, including from the NAD to bring to justice the high corruption representatives — senior state officials, confiscation of assets up to the third-degree relatives, as it is the case in Romania;
- put a stop to “transnistrization” of Moldova by denouncing the Snegur-Yeltsin agreement from 1992;
- withdrawal of the Russian 14th army from the separatist region;
- transform the current 5 + 2 negotiation format, by excluding the representatives of the separatist administration from negotiations and demand Romania’s inclusion in this format;
- solicit support from all international institutions with regard to replacing Russian peacekeeping forces with an international civil mission under UN auspices;
- prevent any attempts towards federalization of Moldova, prevent any concessions to the separatists of Transnistria;
- amend the financial and banking legal framework in order to prohibit ownership of shares in Moldovan banks by companies registered in offshore zones;
- trigger an international investigation of the billion dollar banking theft and obtain the extended confiscation of assets of those involved in this theft;
- contribute to the urgent endowment of the Re-unification Fund with at least 10 billion Euro for the next three years, to be used for paying pensions and salaries on a comparable level with those in Romania, for building European roads as in Romania, to rebuild schools, kindergartens and hospitals;
- use the money from the Re-unification Fund in order to: build the highway Chisinau-Bucharest and Iasi-Chisinau; interconnection of electric grids through connecting high power lines at Suceava-Balti and Isaccea-Vulcanesti; build the Iasi-Chisinau gas pipeline as well as other gas pipes connections to ensure natural gas supply throughout Moldova, and get rid of Russian gas dependence which we have been buying over the years for ten times the price;
- change the structure of the Security Council of the Republic of Moldova, by including important personalities, experts, officials from Romania, the USA, EU and NATO;
- propose new legislation within the social sphere, to provide for the merging of the pension systems and exclude special pensions of tens, even hundreds of thousands of MDL, paid to former KGB members, the soviet generals and nomenklatura, cancel the pensions for the former senior state officials;
- propose new legislation regarding the language, to ensure Romanian language becomes the de facto official language in Moldova at all levels;
- establish a department for linguistic policies at the Ministry of Education and Research, to ensure implementation of efficient programs allowing ethnic minority representatives to learn the Romanian language. Combating Russian harmful propaganda and promoting Romanization of the informational space in Moldova;
- reach an agreement with the Romanian President in order to start merging the two diplomatic systems. Thus we aim at having only one embassy in every state representing both Romanian states;
- propose new legislation with regard to the administrative-territorial reform of Republic of Moldova, in order to reduce the number of administrative units and move towards complete decentralization of local governments based on the Romanian model;
- merge the Romanian army with that of Republic of Moldova to enhance the defense capability of the Moldovan citizens in case of a military threat in the region;
- promote establishment of joint customs at the Romanian border;
- guarantee the respect of rights of Romanian majority of Moldovan citizens as well as of all minorities, as they are observed in Romania — in full compliance with EU norms and traditions.
Presidential candidate Ana Gutu promises that “The day when Re-unification of Romania and Moldova will be accomplished — I will resign from the President’s office and will not claim any public office in the reunited Romanian state”