ElectionsPresidential

Election of President of the Republic of Moldova from November 10 and December 7, 2009

After the repeat elections of the Moldovan President on December 7, 2009, the single candidate nominated by a group of legislators from the Alliance for European Integration (AIE) — Marian Lupu, PDM leader, did not receive 61 votes; this means that the President of the Republic of Moldova was not elected. As a result, the circumstances for dissolution of the Parliament of the XVIIIth Legislature and for holding early parliamentary elections have arisen.
General information on presidential elections 2009

Elections of November 10, 2009

On October 18, 2009, Ion Plesca, the Chair of a Special Commission for the election of the President of the Republic of Moldova, announced that the election of the President will not be held on October 23, as was previously established under a Parliament decision. The procedure for electing the chief of state was postponed, because by October 17, set as deadline for nominating candidates for President, only one candidate, Marian Lupu, on behalf of the Alliance for European Integration (AIE) was registered. As argument for this decision was put forward the opinion #4 of 26 December 2000 of the Constitutional Court which states that “from the provisions of the art.78, para. (3) and (4) of the Constitution comes out that at least two candidates shall run for election of the President of the Republic of Moldova. Otherwise, due to lack of alternative, the Parliament will not elect but de facto assign the chief of state”.

On October 30, 2009, the Parliament adopted amendments to the Law on the procedure for electing the President of Moldova, by specifying several items that had previously provoked discussion: • establishes possibility to held elections with one candidate; • introduces special conditions that allow the Special Parliamentary meeting for election of the President of Moldova to be postponed, without considering that presidential election failed; • introduces a provision that the next dissolution of Parliament can take place only after a year since the last dissolution etc.

At its meeting on November 3, the Parliament adopted a decision on setting November 10, 2009 as date for the election of President. By November 6, when the new deadline for nominating candidates for President expired, only one candidate — Marian Lupu, leader of PDM, on behalf of a group of legislators from the Alliance for European Integration (AIE) was registered.

On November 10, the Parliament held a special sitting to elect the President of the Republic of Moldova. The quorum was met since all legislators, including the PCRM faction registered for the sitting. Later, the PCRM faction boycotted the voting procedure and the only registered candidate for President, the PDM leader Marian Lupu got 53 votes cast by legislators of the parliamentary majority (AIE).

According to the legislation, if only one candidate run in the first round of elections and does not get 3/5’s of the legislators elected; repeat elections shall be conducted within 30 days after the last ordinary elections that failed to elect the President of the Republic of Moldova. The repeat elections are conducted under same procedural conditions as the ordinary elections.

Repeat elections of December 7, 2009

At its meeting on November 27, the Parliament adopted a decision on setting December 7, 2009 as date for the repeat elections of President. Besides, a Special Commission for the repeat election of the President of the Republic of Moldova was established. By December 3, when the deadline for nominating candidates for President expired, only one candidate — Marian Lupu, leader of PDM, on behalf of a group of legislators from the Alliance for European Integration (AIE) was registered.

On December 7, Parliament held a special sitting to elect the President of the Republic of Moldova. The quorum was met since all legislators, including the PCRM faction registered for the sitting. Later, the PCRM faction boycotted the voting procedure, as it did in the sitting of November 10, and the only registered candidate for President, the PDM leader Marian Lupu got 53 votes cast by legislators of the parliamentary majority (AIE).

According to legislation and constitutional norms, even if after repeat elections the Moldovan president is not elected, the acting President shall dissolve the Parliament and set a date for new parliamentary elections. Besides, under some additions to the Law #1234/22.09.2000 on the procedure for electing the President of the Republic of Moldova, the next dissolution of the Parliament could take place only after a year since the last dissolution. Moldovan Parliament elected on April 2009 was dissolved on June 16 of the same year.

Biography of Marian Lupu

Marian Lupu

Born on June 20, 1966 in the Balti municipality. His family moved to Chisinau when he was six years old.

He graduated from the Chisinau-based School No.1 (actual Gheorghe Asachi Lyceum) in 1983. He graduated from the Faculty of Commerce and Economy of the Moldovan State University with honour (1987). He continued post-graduate studies in 1987–1991 at the Economic Academy “A. Plekhanov” in Moscow and Moldova State University, getting the Ph.D. in economics in 1991.

Since 1991 he worked in the Department for External Economic Relations of the Ministry of Economy, being senior specialist, directorate chief, and then assigned in 1997 director of the Department. Simultaneously, in 1992–2000, he was executive director of TACIS-Moldova Program.

He attended macroeconomics courses at the IMF Institute in Washington (1994) and international trade courses at the WTO Institute in Geneva (1996).

On May 24, 2001 the Government assigned him deputy minister of economy. He coordinated the Departments for External Economic Relations and Commerce of the Ministry. On August 5, 2003 former president Vladimir Voronin appointed him minister of economy of the Republic of Moldova.

On March 6, 2005 he was elected member of the Parliament on the list of the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) and shortly joined this party. On March 24, 2005 he was elected Chairman of the Parliament with 65 votes.

On April 5, 2009 he was elected Parliament member on PCRM list, being nominated prime minister by this party.

He quitted the Party of Communists on June 10, 2009 and joined the Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM) on June 15. On July 19 the PDM Congress elected Marian Lupu Chairman of PDM.

On July 29, 2009 he was elected Parliament member on PDM list.

Marian Lupu speaks Romanian, French, English and Russian. He is married and father of two children.

General information on Presidential Elections 2009

The Parliament elected on July 29, 2009 is to elect a chief of state in accordance with constitutional regulations (Article 78) and Law #1234-XIV of 22.09.2000 concerning the procedure of electing the President of the Republic of Moldova (edited by the Law #49-XVIII of 30.10.2009):

The Parliament elects the chief of state since 2000, after the Constitution was modified in the summer of the same year and the first three attempts to elect a chief of state failed in December 2000, producing early parliamentary elections. PCRM Chairman Vladimir Voronin was elected chief of state on April 4, 2001 by 71 Communist legislators. Four years later, on April 4, 2005, Vladimir Voronin was re-elected chief of state with 75 votes of the Communist, Christian Democrat, Democratic and Social Liberal legislators. According to the Constitution (Article 80), the President of the Republic of Moldova cannot run more than two consecutive mandates.

Legislators representing the opposition parties (PL, PLDM and AMN) did not participate in election of chief of state, the Parliament failed to elect a President on May 20, 2009 and the June 3, 2009 elections failed as well. In consequence, incumbent President Vladimir Voronin dissolved the legislature and early parliamentary elections were organised.