ElectionsParliamentary2010

General Information on the 2010 Early Parliamentary Elections

Date of electionsNovember 28, 2010
Type of electionsEarly Parliamentary Elections
Electoral threshold for
political parties4%
electoral blocks of 2 parties7%
electoral blocks of 3 or more parties9%
independent candidates2%
Voter turnout to validate election »»»
1/3
Number of electoral contestants
political parties20
electoral blocks0
independent candidates19 (20-1)
Voter turnout »»»
63.37%
Seats distribution
PCRM42
PLDM32
PDM15
PL12

As the Parliament failed to elect a President of the Republic of Moldova and the Constitutional Court ascertained the circumstances which justify the dissolution of the Parliament, the acting President of Moldova issued on September 28, 2010 the decree on dissolution of the 18th Legislature and set early parliamentary elections for November 28, 2010. Parliament’s mandate extends until the legal meeting of the new legislative structure is convened. During this period the Constitution can not be amended and the organic laws cannot be adopted, amended or repealed.

The early elections will take place in compliance with the Electoral Code, amended and completed on June 18, 2010. The main amendments related to the organization and conduct of parliamentary elections provide:

Parliamentary elections are considered valid and legal if the turnout is more than 1/3 of the number of people registered on the electoral lists and when there are no found violations that would influence the outcome of elections and assignment of seats.

The context of 2010 parliamentary elections

After the parliamentary elections of April 5, 2009 and the early elections of July 29, 2009, the Parliament had to elect the President of the Republic of Moldova, but in 2009 all 4 attempts to elect the head of state by Parliament have failed. In the ensuing period (December 2009 — July 2010) various attempts were undertaken to resolve the situation: • changes in laws and their interpretations; • requests to the Constitutional Court, demanding for interpretations and clarifications; • establishment of a Constitutional Commission to develop amendments to the Constitution; • developing a new text of the Constitution; • development and registration of draft laws amending the Constitution regarding the way of electing the head of state (directly or indirectly, successively lowering the minimum number of required votes); • involvement of international bodies for conflict mediation (Council of Europe, Venice Commission, EU).

The last solution reached by Moldovan Parliament was to organize a republican constitutional referendum on September 5, 2010 with the proposal to review the Article 78 of Moldovan Constitution and promote the idea of direct election of the president. The constitutional referendum of September 5, 2010 was declared invalid due to insufficient voter turnout: 818,476 voters out of those 2,662,052 included in voter lists.

Following the failed attempts to elect the President of Moldova in Parliament and after the official request submitted to the Constitutional Court by the acting President of the country on September 21, 2010, the Constitutional Court issued its Opinion on finding the circumstances justifying the dissolution of Parliament. Thus, the acting President of Moldova signed the Decree to dissolve the Parliament (since September 29, 2010) on September 28, 2010 and set early parliamentary elections for November 28, 2010.